HideShow resource information
View mindmap
  • Memory
    • multistore: the idea that info passes through series of memory stores
      • Sensory store:holds information from the senses, a very short period of time.
        • Short term store:Holds approx 7 chunks of info at a time, limited amount of time.
          • Long term store:Holds a vast amount of info for a very long amount of time.
      • Encoding: changing info so we can understand it.
        • Storage: storing info in the memory system.
          • Retrieval: recovering the information from storage.
      • Murdock study;(1962): to provide evidence to support the multi-store explaination of memory.
        • Participants had to learn a list of words presented one at a time,for two seconds per word, then recall them in any order.
          • The words at the end of the list were recalled first.The words from the start were also recalled well. the middle words were not as well recalled.
            • He concluded that the last words were still in the short term where as the first had flowed into the long term.
              • evaluation:not everything we learn has to be rehearsed, things happen in our day to day lives that are non-the study lacks ecological validity.
            • Recently effect& primary effect.
    • reconstructivememory:     altering our recollection of things so they make sense to us.
      • Bartlett thought that our memory is not a stored copy of facts,we change our memory's to fit in with what we already know
      • Wynn and logie:(1998): to see if the recall of familiar stories changed in the same way that he found unfamiliar stories changed.
        • They asked university students to recall the details of their first week at university. They were asked several times throughout the year.
          • The results showed the accuracy of their description remained the same no matter hie many times they were asked, unlike unfamiliar stories.
            • memory's for familiar events do not change over time.
              • There is not an accurate way of measuring how the story is told.
    • Levels of processing: the depth at which information is thought about when trying to learn it.
      • Structural processing: thinking about the physical appearance of the words to be learnt.
        • Semantic processing: thinking about the meaning of the word to be learnt.
          • Phonetic processing: thinking about the sound of the word to be learnt.


No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all Memory resources »