Meeus and Raaijmakers, 1985

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  • Meeus and Raaijmakers, 1985
    • background - Netherlands 20 years after Milgram's study, dutch culture more liberal than that of 1960s us.
    • aim - to test obedience where harm would be done in a more up-to-date way, which is less physical but more psychological and see whether the same rate of obedience would be found.
    • procedure
      • 30 year old man in authority,  in another room.  Participants ordered to  harass job applicant to make him nervous while sitting a test to determine whether he would get the job.
      • control group - had no experimenter as authoritive figure
      • advert in newspaper, told participants they would be paid, got 39 people, 24 put in experimental group, 15 in control group, told they were going to help in a job opportunity.
      • All pariticipants were aged 18-55, both males and females, Dutch highschool education paid 13$
    • conclusion
      • rates of obedience were higher than in that of Milgram's study. Expected though because they are not doing any physical harm (considered less serious)
    • results
      • experimental - 92% went to end of experiment and made all remarks
      • control (no experimenter) - 0% of pps made all remarks
    • Evaluation
      • fairly broad sample so can be generalised to a certain extent
      • Results fairly reliable because it is a field study so quite controlled
      • ethics - participants deceived, did not gain informed consent from pps, only had rtw at end of exp. (results)
      • results achieve aim of study so make it valid
      • pps debriefed after experiment
      • details of pps kept confidential

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