medince, 1900-modern britain

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  • Created by: jacksie
  • Created on: 16-11-19 11:19
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  • Medicine
    • genetics
      • In 19th century, Mendel showed that some characteristics could be passed down
        • In the 20th century, new discoveries like TE, allowed scientists to see each cell contained DNA
          • In 1953, whilst studying Rosalind Franklin crystallography
            • James Watson and Francis Crick Discovered the double helix structure
              • 1990, James Watson started the human genome project
      • How did this help
        • better understanding of genetic conditions
          • Down's syndrome
        • Showed some people more at risk for cancer
        • How didn't it help
          • No way to treat genetic conditions
        • Stem cell research
    • Diagnosis and technology
      • Scientists could use endoscopes, CT scans to see inside the body
        • See what is wrong with the body
        • Use monitors to check how things developed over time
        • Didn't just rely on textbooks
      • technological advancements
        • dialysis
        • insulin pump
        • pacemaker
        • hypodermic needles
        • endoscopes
        • CT, MRI, ultrasounds
        • prosthetic limbs
    • Change in cure and treatment
      • Magic Bullet
        • Robert Koch found that dyes stain the microbe that causes diseas
          • Paul Ehrich, tested different compounds of Salsvaran
            • Supported by German government for 5 years
              • Joined BY Dr Hata in 1909
                • Found it was the 606th compound that cured syphilis
                  • In 1932, Prontosil was discovered, by Gerard Domagk
                    • helped cure blood poisoning
                      • The main factor behind prontosil were sulphonamides
                        • Sulphonamides lead to cures of pneumonia, meningitis and scarlet fever
        • Behring found the body manufacturesantibosies
      • Antibiotics
        • The discovery of penicillin field scientist to discover more antibiotics
        • Once chemical structure was found allowed it easier to make copies
        • However, overuse has lead to super bacteria
          • MRSA
            • methilin resistant stapholcoccus aureus
      • key hole and microsurgery
        • Small incisions and tiny cameras
          • Reduces recovery time of patients
      • Robotic surgery surgical procedure done by robots controlled by doctors
        • Advances in surgery
          • radiotherapy, chemotherapy
            • KIdney dialysis
            • fitting pacemakers
    • Preventing disease
      • NHS
        • nationalised health care
          • allowed people who weren't economicallyfree
            • to see a gp
            • get surgery
            • emergency treatment
        • howver, here is a discrepancy in areas
          • austerity
          • some areas have more doctors and hospitals
      • Vaccines
        • have been around
          • but in 1938 3000 died from a diptheria epidemic
            • government funded immunisation program
              • lead to mmr, hpv vaccines
      • Government campaigns
        • Aids: don't die a fool
        • change4life
        • legislature and litigation
          • ciggaretes
          • water and air pollution
          • funding vaccinations
          • rubbish disposal
          • Untitled
    • Pennicilin
      • in 1928, Alexander Fleming found that penicillin mould was killing bacteria
        • Fleming was a doctor who worked in World war 1
          • saw people died from infections
        • !1929, published his findings bu didn't think it would work
          • 1939, Florey and chain picked up on his results
            • 1940, works on mice so they test it on humans
              • 1941, works on humans
                • !942, asks US drugs companies and they agree on a small scale but they join world war 2
                  • 1943, mass porductionby British drug companies
            • Howard Florey was an australian pathologist
            • Floreyrecuited Ernst Chain
    • Lung cancer
      • diagnosis
        • symptomsinclude
          • coughing blood
          • difficulty breathing
          • fatigue
          • lathargy
          • fever
        • if someone is suspected
          • receive a CT scan
            • cells are collected
      • prevention
        • 1961, advertisngnot allowed for ****
          • 1995, there tobacco products
        • Tobacco tax is often increased
        • 2007, raised age of 16-18
        • 2007, banned to smoke in open public places
        • 2015, banned to smoke in cars with under 18s
        • banned to have ciggareteson show
          • Untitled
      • treatment
        • Radiotherapy
          • reduce size of tumour
        • chemotherapy
          • stop the growth of cancer, and reduce size
        • surgery to remove cancer

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