Medieval Times.

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  • Medieval Medicine.
    • Medieval Explanation of  Disease.
      • God  + Devil: Disease was punishment from God.
      • Movement Of Planets: Position of Moon + Planets could cause sickness.
      • Bad Smells caused by dirt: Link between dirty conditions and disease.
      • Invisible Poisons: Disease spread through air by looking at someone
      • Four Humours Theory.
    • Medieval Public Health.
      • Became Worse
        • Roman Public Health was destroyed in war.
        • Medieval spent alot of their money on weapons for war instead of medicine.
      • The Towns were dirty.
        • Open Sewers
        • Cess pits: Pits in gorund which collected waste.
        • Human + Animal waste thrown in streets and rivers.
    • How the church held back medicine.
      • Stopped criticism of Galen's work: No one corrected his mistakes.
      • All books were handwritten by monks which as info controlled by the church, this stopped the spreading of new medical idea's.
      • Taught people that Disease was a punishment  from God/
      • taught relegious cure's: whipping themselves when having black death
      • Dissection was forbidden, only used to show how correct Galen was.
    • Black Death.
      • Arrived in 1348: Regular outbreaks through middle ages.
      • Bubonic Plague: Spread by flea's on living rats. Swelling ( Buboes) + Death
      • Pneumonic Plague was spread through the asir.
    • How the church Helped Medicine.
      • Hospitals were set up where elderly could rest.
      • Set up monasteries with fresh water system but only used by monks.
      • Set up medical schools to train doctors.
      • Spread Galen's + hippocrates' work.
    • Factor's which stopped progress.
      • Poor Communication: Roman roads were destroyed, making it hard to spread medical idea's
      • Religion: The church was very powerful.
      • Less trade + Wealth: Trade was disrupted by war,
      • War: Roman empire was replaced by different kingdoms often at war.
    • Medieval Cure's.
      • Purging + Bleeding to balance Four humours.
      • Herbal Remedies: Poppy + Hemlock
      • Natural Remedies: Onion + Garlic+ wine
      • Leeches to remove Blood.
    • Medieval Surgery.
      • Surgeons did not need Qualifications.
      • Some barber surgeons had school but bad reputations.
      • Patients died due to infection and blood loss
      • Surgery was basic: Tooth pulling + Amputation.
      • Cauterization: instead of cleaning wound this was used.

Comments

Miss E

A very good mind map on the medieval era of the medicine topic and an excellent example of how even large topics can be laid out well visually to help with revision.

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