Medieval medics


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  • Medieval medics
    • Physicians
      • Expensive
        • Used by wealthy
          • Middle ages England = more wealthy = more physians needed
      • Attend university medical school
        • Taught work of Galen & Hippocrates
          • Four humours
      • Bleeding, purging patient's bodies
        • Use urine charts = check person's health
          • Astrology = determine best form of treatment
    • Baber-surgeons
      • Surgeries rare
        • Extracting teeth, bloodletting, internal operations
      • cheaper than physicians
        • Didn't attend university
          • Most illiterate
            • No formal education
          • Apprentice to physician
            • Passed professional examinations
            • post training = entered into Guild of Master-Surgeons
      • Used astrological charts = decide whether to perform an operation
      • Success rates varied
        • Reused old equipment
          • Many died
            • Surgery or infection
            • No ways to reduce shook or blood loss
              • Die from pain or bleed to death
      • Surgeons during war = high demand
        • John of Arderne
          • Made anaesthetic from opium
            • Stop patient from dying from shock
        • Many adapted their skill from working on battle field
    • Role of women
      • Main providers of care during middle ages
      • First to treat a patient
      • Many relied on herbal remidies
        • Passed down by their mothers
      • Worked as midwives
        • Banned from being physicians
          • Couldn't go to uni
          • Allowed to work as barber-surgeons
    • Apothecary
      • Like pharamacies
        • Sell to medics & the ill
      • Used range of wine, spices & herbs
        • Foreign trade = new drugs & herbs
      • Effects of drug varied
        • Some worked
    • Hospital care
      • Provided hospitality for the sick
      • Large hospitals opened in major cites
        • Some specialised in the care
      • Progress was slow
        • Most hospitals treated the sick food ,rest & prayer

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