Medieval Medicine

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  • Medieval Medicine
    • Medieval Doctor
      • used plants for medicine, tested wee, used leeches to **** out blood and purging
      • The 4 humours are: Phlegm, Blood Black Bile and Yellow Bile
      • Ordinary people turned to priests, wise old ladies and barber surgeons. Knowledge was spread by word of mouth.
      • Doctors trained for 7 years at Oxford or Cambridge by debates and lectures. Studied Hippoctares and Galen
    • Hippocrates and Galen
      • Hippocrates: introduced the 4 humour.
      • Galen: developed Hippocrates' theories. Though that human and animal bodies were the same
    • Christian Influence
      • Most people were Christians so their influence was powerful. new researchers were imprisoned and dissection was banned.
      • Miasma is the belief that bad health is linked with bad air
      • Hospitals were centres of rest and depended on charity. they were run by monks and patients were encouraged to pray.
      • Helped progress: set hospitals and taught the ideas of the Greeks and Romans.
      • Hindered Progress: to challenge was going against god and they controlled universities.
    • Islam
      • AL RAZI(865-925): stressed the need observation, distinguished measles from small pox, believed students should improve on the works of their teachers
      • IBN SINA(980-1037): wrote an encyclopedia of medicine which listed properties of 760 different drugs which contained chapters on anorexia
    • Pilgramiges
      • They were encouraged by the church as they believed praying at them would cure them.
    • Sugery
    • Public Health
    • The Black Death
    • Medieval Treatments and Preventions
      • Treatments: religious, astrological, blood letting, purging, herbal remedies, female carers, bathing, amulates and charms, praying, humeral, diet


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