History: medieval England treating diseases

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  • medieval england: Treating diseases
    • prayer and repentence: supernatural
      • disease was believed to be a punishment from God
      • the sick prayed to saints in the hope they would stop illness
      • flagellants whipped themselves in public in order to show God that they were sorry
      • many doctors believed saying certain words while giving a treatment could make treatment more effective
    • blood letting and purging: natural
      • popular treatments as they fitted with the four humours theory
      • if someone had too much blood, doctor would take blood out through blood letting
      • some people accidentally killed because of blood letting
      • purging is the act of getting rid of other fluids from body by excreting
        • doctors gave patients laxatives to help purging process
    • purifying the air: supernatural
      • the miasma theory led people to believe in purifying and cleaning air  to prevent sickness
      • physicians carried posies or oranges around with them when visiting patients
      • during black death  juniper, myrrh and incense were burned so smoke or scent fill the room
    • remedies: natural
      • remedies bought from apothecary, local wise women or made at home
        • all popular  in medieval britain contained herbs, spices, animal parts, minerals
      • remedies either passed down or written in books
      • other remedies based on superstition
    • healers
      • physicians
        • male doctors who have trained in university, little training
      • apothecary, prepared and sole remedies, gave advise on how to use them. most common form of treatment in Britain
        • apothecaries trained through apprenticeships, most men but there were 'wise women'
    • hospitals
      • most public hospitals set up and run by church, popular and highly regarded
      • main purpose of hospitals to care for patient not treat. provided food and water and a warm place to stay
      • more hygienic then elsewhere developed water and sewage systems
      • some monasteries also cared for sick, elderly and poor
      • most sick people treated at home by members of family
    • surgery
      • medieval surgery was dangerous
      • no way to prevent blood loss
      • no way to prevent blood loss, infection,pain therefore only did minor procedures
      • not respected profession in medieval times, most operations carried out by barber surgeons
      • progress in surgery
        • hugh of Lucca questioned Galens ideas
        • began dressing wounds with bandages soaked in wine, noticed  that wine kept wounds clean, prevent infection
        • realised pus was a healthy sign, released toxins in body
        • John of Ardene created a recipe for anaesthetic included hemlock, opium and henbane

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