Medieval Disease

  • Created by: Saandy_
  • Created on: 01-10-19 09:10
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  • Medieval Disease
    • Four Humours
      • Blood
      • Phlegm
      • Black Bile
      • Yellow Bile
    • Beliefs about disease
      • Natural- 4 humours are out of balance
      • Supernatural- believed disease was a punishment from God and the cure was to pray.
    • Cures
      • Prescribe natural remedies
      • Remove impurities by  blood-letting with leeches
      • Prescribe medicine for vomiting or laxatives.
      • Involve supernatural response
    • Galen
      • Became most famous doctor in Roman Empire.
      • Influenced by Hippocrates' ideas of 4 humours. Developed idea by using opposites to treat illnesses.
      • Influenced many due to his knowledge and helped many understand.
    • Hippocrates
      • Was considered 1 of most outstanding figures in medieval history.
      • Based medical practice on observation and human body.
      • 1st to release medicine due to religion or superstition.
        • Established it as a science based on observations and recordings.
      • Discovered holistic system to classify diseases based on similarities and contrasts
    • Diagnosis
      • Urine charts- observing urine
        • Colour, taste and smell
      • Astrology
        • Where stars lie and horoscopes.
    • The Church
      • Only allowed Galen's ideas
      • Founded first hospitals
        • Provided care for sick and poor
      • Illness came from God and curing it would be challenging Him.
        • Treatment- praying and pilgrimages
    • Islam
      • Caliphs provided support needed for progress
      • Believed in treating so they could help Allah.
      • Al-Razi
        • Stressed observation. Distinguished measles from smallpox. Encouraged students to improve work of teacher.
      • Avicenna
        • Wrote great encyclopedia of medicine- the 'Canon of Medicine'.
          • Listed properties of 760 drugs and wrote on obesity and anorexia.


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