Medicine Through Time: Individuals

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  • Medicine Through Time: Individuals
    • Hippocrates (GREEKS)
      • Natural treatments
      • Developed the theory of the 4 humours
      • Hippocratic collection
      • Observation and recording
      • Hippocratic oath
    • Galen (ROMANS)
      • Developed theory of the 4 humours (opposites)
      • Experience of surgery
      • Dissection at Alexandria
      • Brain controls speech
      • Arteries and veins carry blood
      • Recording symptoms and experience
      • Many books (used for 1500 yrs)
      • Ideas accepted - linked with christianity
    • Vesalius (RENAISSANCE)
      • Encouraged thinking for yourself - test ideas
      • Doctor
      • Tested Galen's ideas
      • GALEN WAS WRONG
        • Jaw has only one bone
        • No holes in the septum
        • Because Galen dissected animals - not humans
    • Harvey (RENAISSANCE)
      • Doctor
      • Dissected cold blooded animals and humans
      • Blood flowed in a one way system
      • The heart is a pump
      • GALEN WAS WRONG
        • Blood doesn't pump back and forth through the body
      • Measured, repeated and recorded
    • Pare (RENAISSANCE)
      • Surgeon
      • Wounds healed better without pouring boiling oil on them
      • Bandages
      • Ligatures
      • Ointment
    • Jenner (INDUSTRIAL)
      • First vaccination - smallpox
      • Repeated and recorded
    • Pasteur (INDUSTRIAL)
      • Germ theory
      • Developed vaccines
        • Chicken pox
        • Cholera
        • Anthrax
        • Rabies
    • Koch (INDUSTRIAL)
      • Identified the specific bacteria that caused a range of diseases
      • Solid (potato) medium
      • Dyes
      • Photos as records
    • John Snow (INDUSTRIAL)
      • Investigated and explained the cause for cholera
    • Edwin Chadwick (INDUSTRIAL)
      • Public health warrier
    • Behring (INDUSTRIAL)
      • Cures - animal anti-toxins
    • Ehrlich (INDUSTRIAL)
      • Chemical cure
      • Magic bullet
    • Lister (INDUSTRIAL)
      • Carbolic spray
      • Aseptic surgery

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