Medicine in c1350

The Four Humours

Theory of Opposities

The Christian Church

Medical Training

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  • Medicine in c1350
    • The four humours
      • Hippocrates theory (Greek Doctor)
      • People believed unbalanced humours caused disease
      • Theory carried on into the Middle ages
    • Theory of opposites
      • Galen's theory (also a Greek doctor)
      • Based on the theory of the four humours
    • The Christian Church
      • Christianity had influence over medicine
        • The church taught that people should follow Jesus and care for the sick
      • People believed that God made people ill because he was displeased with them or it was to test their faith
        • Medical research was held back as people didn't believe there was a rational explanation for disease
      • The church controlled education, only ideas approved by the church were taught
        • Galen's ideas fitted in with church beliefs
      • The church didn't allow dissection and didn't approve of people challenging ideas and authority
    • Medical Training
      • 12th century, universities set up medical schools where physicians trained.
        • Most teaching was through books by Christian and Muslim doctors but mostly by Galen.


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