medicine through time exam

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  • Created on: 14-12-17 10:47
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  • medicine through time
    • explain one way in which people's reactions to the plague in Britain were similar in the 14th century and 17th centuries (4 marks)
      • 14th century/ renaissance
      • 17th century/ medieval
        • due to god's punishment
          • peoples attitudes were still based on the church
          • lacked scientific knowledge
    • explain why there was so little change in medicine in the period 1250-1500
      • church: major influence on people's idea bout what caused disease. -bible says god controlled all- including disease. -the church supported Galen- to argue with Galen was against the church.
      • education: the church controlled education and the training of physicians -there were few physicians in England because training was 7 years and few could afford the cost
      • government:-little money was spent on medical research -no money was spent to find medical breakthroughs -kings did order for towns to be cleaned but not regularly and they didn't pay for it.
    • 'there was little change in medicine during the renaissance period c1500-c1700'--- How far do you agree?
      • p1
        • change: -external factors (outside the body) -the cause separate to the patient -focused more on miasma then religious reasons
          • -changed how they thought -could then progress to make changes -help make treatments -have a better understanding
        • continuity: -four humours (had no other options) -astrology -God's punishment -Miasma
          • -therefore no change -didn't have any other options -nothing could be done about it
      • p2
        • change: -transference (transferred from one thing to another) -iatrochemistry (looking for chemical cures) -new ingredients (Asia, Brazil) -remedies from other countries -better education
          • the majority changed -since church not as important -new theories tested -ones thought worked were used. therefore treatments didn't change as they had no other solutions
        • continuity: -herbal remedies -physicians, apothecaries, surgeons
          • -not much stayed the same -the people who helped to treat and only the herbal remedies (which still advanced since the new ingredients
      • p3
        • change: -avoided bathing in public baths (syphilis) -practice moderation in all things.
          • they knew the four humours were wrong but unable to find anything else to replace it. -the theory of cleanliness in a way worked
        • continuity: -still used 4 humours theory -regimen sanitatis -cleanliness of the home and the body
          • they thought that bathing opened up the pores of the skin, therefore the disease could attack. this was the start of discovering how disease could be prevented
  • flagellants
    • pray for forgiveness
    • peoples attitudes were still based on the church


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