media and crime

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  • media and crime
    • media rep of crime
      • media gives much attention to crime in news
      • gives distored image - differs f/ official stats
        • over-rep vio & sexual crimes, portray crims as m/c & older, exag police succ
      • distorted image
        • Tumber - 60's focus = murder - lessened due to abolish of death sentence            90's focus = drugs
        • Walby - increase in reporting for sex crimes - rape now pop in media
          • rape portrayed as being psychopathics stranger - distortion - most know rapist
        • EVAL
          • dark fig of crime
          • property crime may be lower than vio crime
      • news values & crime coverage
        • news is a soc const - is filtered
          • doesn't exist - is discovered - is the outcome of selection & editing
        • Cohen & Young
          • news = manufactured - just like all products of Cap
            • news values
              • dramatisation, unexpectedness, dramatisation
          • EVAL
            • crime is discovered then manufactured to make better
      • fictional rep of crime
        • Mandel - f/ 1945-84 10bill thrillers sold worldwide
          • Surette - fictional rep of crime folows 'law of opposites'
            • in fiction we find property crime = underrep, real life murders = dom vio not planned
        • EVAL
          • crimes in fiction don't have to portray 'actual' type of crim
    • media as cause of crime
      • has neg effect on attitudes, v's & beh - esp on young, l/c & poorly ed
      • causes: imitation - role models; desensitisation - repeated viewing = numb; portraying pol as incomp
      • Marxism - media pumps things into our heads - 'magic bullet theory' - media is powerful agent of socialisation & can prod crime by powerful inf
      • bandura - bobo doll study
        • lab exp - chi = observed viewing clips of bobo doll treated in diff ways - chil who saw agg = copied
      • fear of crime
        • makes people unrealistically scared of crime
          • Tumber - found link bet tabloid readers & fears of crime (mugging/ phys attack)
      • media, relative dep & crime
        • Lea & Young
          • left realists focus on rel dep
            • msny dep comp to others, marginal/poor = dep, the 'good life' = jealous
      • EVAL
        • chi knows diff bet real & not real
        • media have to blame something for increasing crime - scapegoat
    • moral panics
      • folk dev & moral panics
        • media is vehicle for re-estab soc order
          • media exag soc prob (moral panic)
            • id source of prob (folk devil)
      • Cohen
        • media sugg prob = spreading, mods/rockers further stigmatised, media reinforced def of subc styles & the dev
          • Funct see this as rep to anomie
          • Neo-M link mor pans to Cap (Hall)
      • EVAL
        • assumes soc react = over-react - who decides this?
        • what turns amplifier on/off?
        • in plur soc - harder to decide what is dev & outrageous - no longer universal condemnation

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