Media Studies, Camera shots and Angles


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  • Camera shots and angles
    • Eye level
      • A shot taken form a neutral angle. This is most commonly used angle in film. It allows the audience to feel comfortable with the characters
    • Low angle
      • The audience looks up at the character. This is used to make a character look powerful and to make an audience feel small and vulnerable.
    • Camera shot
      • The amount of space that is seen in one shot or frame. They are used to demonstrate different aspects of a film's setting, characters, and themes.
    • Birds eye angle
      • An angle that looks directly down upon a scene. This angle is often used as an establishing angle, along with an extreme long shot, to establish setting.
    • Extremes close up (ECU)
      • A shot that contains one part of a character's face or another object. This technique is quite common in horror films. This type of shot creates an intense mood and provides interaction between the audience and the viewer.
    • High Angle
      • A camera angle that looks down upon a subject. A character shot this way will look vulnerable or small. These angles are often used to demonstrate to the audience a perspective of a particular character.
    • Establishing shot
      • Also known as an extreme long shot or ELS. This is often used to set a scene or establish a setting. It is good for framing and showing large groups of characters in a situation.
    • Close up shot
      • Contains just one character's face. This enables viewers to understand the actor's emotions and also allows them to feel empathy for the character. This is also known as a personal shot.
    • Deep Focus shot
      • A style or technique of cinematography and staging with great depth of field, using relatively wide-angle lenses and small lens apertures to render in sharp focus near and distant planes simultaneously. A deep-focus shot includes foreground, middle-ground, and extreme-background objects, all in focus.
    • Crane Shot
      • Often used by composers of films to signify the end of a film or scene. The effect is achieved by the camera being put on a crane that can move upwards.
    • Dolly or Tracking shot
      • Shots like these are achieved by placing the camera on tracks or a cart. This camera movement is used in a number of ways but is most commonly used to explore a room such as a restaurant. By using a tracking shot or a dolly shot the composer of a film gives the viewer a detailed tour of a situation. It can also be used to follow a character.
    • Steadicam shot
      • A shot achieved with a camera stabilizer mount for motion picture cameras that mechanically isolates it from the operator's movement. It allows for a smooth shot, even when moving quickly over an uneven surface.
    • Handheld shot
      • Also called shaky cam shot - a filmmaking and video production technique in which a camera is held in the camera operator's hands as opposed to being mounted on a tripod or other base.
    • Dutch Angle
      • Also called a canted angle, oblique angle or German angle, this is a type of camera shot where the camera is set at an angle on its roll axis so that the shot is composed with vertical lines at an angle to the side of the frame, or so that the horizon line of the shot is not parallel with the bottom of the camera frame.
    • P.O.V Shot
      • This is also known as a subjective camera shot it shows what a character (the subject) is looking at (represented through the camera).
    • Over-the-shoulder shot
      • Also called OTS, in film or video, this is a shot of someone or something taken from the perspective or camera angle from the shoulder of another person.
    • Long Shot
      • A shot that typically shows the entire object or human figure and is usually intended to place it in some relation to its surroundings.
    • Tilt
      • When the camera's head is stationary, but it moves up and down on the vertical axis.
    • Full Shot
      • A camera shot that shows the character's entire body from head to toe.
    • Worm's eye angle
      • An angle that looks directly up towards a scene or subject. This angle is often used for POV shots.


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