Measures of Development

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  • Measuring Development
    • Gross domestic product (GDP)
      • the total value of goods and services a country produces in a year
      • as a country develops the GDP gets higher
    • Gross national income (GNI)
      • total value of good and services people of that nationality produce in a year
      • as a country develops it gets higher
    • Birth rate
      • number of babies born per thousand of the population per year
      • as a country develops it gets higher
    • Death rate
      • number of deaths per thousand of the population per year
      • as a country develops it gets lower
    • Infant mortality
      • number of babies who die under 1 year old per thousand babies born
      • as a country develops it gets lower
    • People per doctor
      • average number of people per doctor
      • as a country develops it gets lower
    • Literacy rate
      • percentage of adults who can read and write
      • as a country develops it gets higher
    • Limitations of using a single development measure
      • shouldn't be used on their own because as a country develops, some aspects develop before others
      • can be misleading when used on their own because they're averages

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