Max Weber: Rationalisation

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  • Max Weber: Rationalism
    • Definition: refers to the process whereby rational ways of thinking and acting replace religious ones.
    • Many sociologists have argued that Western society has undergone a process of rationalisation in the last few centuries.
    • The Protestant reformation in the 16th century started a process of rationalisation in the West.
    • The medieval, Catholic worldview that dominated Europe saw the world as magical or enchanted and that supernatural beings such as the devil/angels/God influence events with their supernatural powers.
      • Humans could try to influence these beings by magical means such as prayers/spells ect.

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