- Max Weber: Rationalism
- Definition: refers to the process whereby rational ways of thinking and acting replace religious ones.
- Many sociologists have argued that Western society has undergone a process of rationalisation in the last few centuries.
- The Protestant reformation in the 16th century started a process of rationalisation in the West.
- The medieval, Catholic worldview that dominated Europe saw the world as magical or enchanted and that supernatural beings such as the devil/angels/God influence events with their supernatural powers.
- Humans could try to influence these beings by magical means such as prayers/spells ect.