Max Weber Religious Theory

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  • Max Weber
    • Force for social change
    • Social Action approach
      • Examine meaning of people
    • Attempt to make sense of peoples fortune
      • Theodicy of dis-privilege or non privileged
    • Rationality
      • Why western culture developed differently to east
        • Scientific development
    • Social Change
      • Different religious ethics led to different economic outcomes
      • Religious ideas can influence and introduce changes to social structure
      • Ireland
        • Ant-apartheid movement
        • Poland
      • Protestant Ethic
        • Calvinism
          • John Calvin
            • French protestant reformer & founder of Calvinism
            • Corrupt Catholic Church
            • Faith based on scripture alone
            • Foundations of capitalism
            • Did not teach that people must stay in their social class
            • Elective Affinity
              • Relationship between religious beliefs and development of capitalism
            • Work hard
              • Everything done for a reason
                • Assetic Creed
                  • Simple and plain life
              • Working through lunch
                • Searching for perfection
    • AO2
      • Critical alternative to economic determinism of Marx
      • Religion as a force of change
      • Examined relationship between economy and religious beleifs
      • Less concerned with moral or ethical teachings
        • Way in which ideas shaped behaviour
      • Work has become most dominant and influential in theorist on religion
      • Sombart
        • Misunderstood Calvinist traditions
        • Calvinism against profit
      • Samuelsson & Tawney
        • Questions his claim that Calvinism preceded capitalism
        • Some countries contained Calvinistic populations but capitalism came much later

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