Material deprivation

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  • Material deprivation
    • Ridge- poor pupils are more likely to take on jobs- distracting schoolwork
    • National Audit Office- w/c children spend 2x as much time in paid work
    • 2006: 61% of pupils got 5 A*-C's; only 33% of those getting free school meals
    • Jan Flaherty- money problems are significant in nonattendance
    • Marilyn Howard- poorer homes- lower nutrition, energy and immunity= more absences by illness and difficulty concentrating
    • About 90% of failing schools are in deprived areas
    • Many w/c leave school at 16, few go to university (fear of debt) or have a high drop-our rate
    • Poor children without equipment may miss beneficial experiences, or rely on cheaper but unfashionable equipment or hand me downs, resulting in the child being bullied or stigmatised
    • Flaherty- 20% eligible for free school meals do not take them from fear of stigmatisation
    • David Bull- there are costs of free schooling. Emily Tanner et al.- the cost of transport, books, uniforms, computers, calculators etc. are a burden on poor families
    • Wilkinson- among 10 year olds, the lower the social class, the higher the chance of hyperactivity, anxiety and disorders
    • Poor children are more likely to be truants or excluded
    • Poor housing effects:
      • Greater risk of accidents
      • Temporary accommodation/ frequently changing schools
      • Cold/damp housing- I'll health, e.g. respiratory illness
      • Development impaired- lack of space for safe play/ exploration
      • Temporary accommodation- more likely psychological distress, infection and accidents
      • Overcrowding- hard to study
    • Peter Mortimore and Geoff Whitty- material deprivation has the greatest effect. Peter Robinson- best way to tackle underachievement is fight poverty


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