Mary's Religious Policy 1553-1558

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  • Mary's Religious Policy 1553-1558
    • Policy
      • Around 280 protestants burnt
        • Cranmer
        • Hooper
        • Ridley
        • Latimer
      • Resulted in 800 Marian exiles fleeing to Europe
        • Spread Protestant word
      • 1554 Second Act of repeal
        • Change the church back to how it was in 1529
      • 1555 re-introduced heresy laws
        • Could not speak out against the church
      • 1554 Royal injunctions
        • Restored Holy Days
        • Removed married clergy (25%)
      • 1555 Bonner's book of Homilies
      • Pole created London Synod
        • Untitled
    • Successes
      • Restored papal supremacy
        • & taxes
      • Was able to repeal Edward and Henry's reforms
      • 1557 minor religious houses restored
        • About £60,000 worth of land returned to the church
      • Pole
        • Set up educational seminaries and cathedral schools
        • Wrote the 12 Decrees in 1556
      • Successful eradication of many protestants
      • Higher clergy fully supportive
    • Failures
      • Restoration of the monasteries
        • Lack of support due to nobles gaining from the dissolution
      • Cranmer was created a martyr as figurehead of protestant reformation
      • Bad image due to helpless people burned
        • Women & children
      • Wyatt's rebellion
      • Marian exiles only made protestantism stronger
      • Elizabeth was able to restore prot. within 2 years
    • Foreign influence
      • Philip II
        • Connections with the pope
        • Assisted with image for recatholicisation
        • Gave advice for navy and Council
    • Why she failed?
      • Not enough time - early death
      • Made protestants into martyrs rather than 'cleansing' the population
      • Slow pace, partly due to monastic lands
      • Xenophobic feeling in England toward Philip
      • Anti-Papal feelings
      • Not enough propaganda
      • Didn't aim her policies at common people
      • Divided leadership
        • Pole & Gardiner
          • Philip II & Renard
      • Reformers in Government still

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lyome

it's frustrating that a lot of the words are covered by other bubbles

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