C + D Topic 3: Marxist Theories

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  • Marxist Theories
    • Traditional marxists
      • See capitalist society as the ruling/working class
      • It is a structural theory
      • Believe people work for the economic base in the super structure
      • View crime as 3 elements
        • Criminogenic capitalism
          • M. say that crime is inevitable due to the nature of society
          • Capitalism oppresses the W/C for the pleasure of the upper classes
          • Due to the dog eat dog attitude in society
          • Gordon: crime is a response to the capitalist system
        • State and law making
          • Law enforcement is for the capitalist class
          • Chambliss: laws to protect private property are the cornerstone of cap. society
          • British colonies in East Africa
          • Snider: capitalist states are reluctant to pass laws son businesses as they can threat their profitability
          • Bernard Madoff ex. of fraud in capitalist society
          • Selective enforcement
            • Legal enforcements ignore crimes of the powerful e.g Jeffrey Reiman's book: The Rich get richer and the Poor get prison
        • Ideological functions of crime + law
          • Performs an ideological function for capitalism
          • Health and Safety laws - make it seem like the higher classes care for the working class
          • Pearce: it benefits the upper class too by keeping the workers fit to work
    • Neo- marxist: critical criminology
      • Neo-marxists are new version of marxists
      • Taylor et al agree with traditional marxists
        • Capitalist society is based on exploitation
        • The state makes laws that suit the capitalist class
        • Capitalism should be replaced by a classless society
      • It is anti-deterministic and more voluntaristic
      • A fully social theory of deviance
        • It is based on understanding crime and deviance that can change/better society
      • Fully social theory of deviance
        • Wider orgigin of deviant acts
        • Immediate origins of the deviant act
        • The act in itsself
        • Immediate origins of social reaction
        • Wider origins of social reactions
        • Effects of labelling


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