Marxist Approaches to Crime and Deviance

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  • Marxist approaches to crime and deviance.
    • Crime occurs because some are frustrated by inability to keep up with materialistic desires.
    • Ideological control limits the extent of deviance and crime by persuading the masses to accept that it damages individuals property interests.
    • Deviance can occur since others feel aggressive as they are deprived of possessions.
    • Laws reflect interest of the ruling class.
      • Pearce- laws which appears to protect interests of workers maintain acceptance of capitalist system.
      • Chambliss- many laws protect private property abd this is the heart of capitalist economies.
      • Snider- capitalist state reluctant to pass laws that regulate  large business and threaten profitability.
    • Interpretation and enforcement of law biased in favour of ruling class.
      • Gordon- idea that law operates for the benefit of society as a whole is fiction.
      • Hall et al- hegemonic control maintained through selective law enforcement.
      • Selective law enforcement gives impression that criminals are w/c.
    • Definition of what is criminal reflects dominant values.
    • Cultural stress is placed on competition abd the aquisition of wealth which can lead to those blocked from this turning to criminality and deviance.
    • -  the theory is economicallydeterministic
    • Untitled
    • - Fails to consider the part played by institutions in the superstructure.


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