Functionalist and Marxist views on education

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  • Functionalist views on education
    • The functionalist view is predominantly about looking at discovering how education helps to maintain the social system.
      • Functionalist also examine the relationship between education and family to see if there is a connection between the pair
        • According to Functionalists there are two main functions that education provides these are Social - socialisation and social control Economic - learning skills for the workplace and role allocation for our future role in the workforce
    • Marxist view of education
      • Marxist believe that the educational system is the beginning structure of the capitalist society.
        • This is done by socialisating children into the interested of the economy and ruling class is served
        • looking at the Marxist point of view, education and success within it are dependent on social class.Education fulfills the role of producing workers to benefit the ruling classes.
          • There is the assumption that if a student comes from a weathy background then they are more likely to achieve and the lower class children suffer from something known as material deprivation
          • Marxism sees education supporting capitalism; functionalists see education as helping to meet the needs of the workplace.
            • Functionalist views on education
              • The functionalist view is predominantly about looking at discovering how education helps to maintain the social system.
                • Functionalist also examine the relationship between education and family to see if there is a connection between the pair
                  • According to Functionalists there are two main functions that education provides these are Social - socialisation and social control Economic - learning skills for the workplace and role allocation for our future role in the workforce
              • Marxist view of education
                • Marxist believe that the educational system is the beginning structure of the capitalist society.
                  • This is done by socialisating children into the interested of the economy and ruling class is served
                  • looking at the Marxist point of view, education and success within it are dependent on social class.Education fulfills the role of producing workers to benefit the ruling classes.
                    • There is the assumption that if a student comes from a weathy background then they are more likely to achieve and the lower class children suffer from something known as material deprivation
                    • Marxism sees education supporting capitalism; functionalists see education as helping to meet the needs of the workplace.
                  • Marxists concluded that education is something that just creates social inequality
                    • From the Marxist point of view, education and success within it are dependant on social class.Education fulfils the role of producing workers to benefit the ruling classes.
                      • For Marxists, the overwhelming problem is capitalism that uses schools to bring about a thriving economy
        • Marxists concluded that education is something that just creates social inequality
          • From the Marxist point of view, education and success within it are dependant on social class.Education fulfils the role of producing workers to benefit the ruling classes.
            • For Marxists, the overwhelming problem is capitalism that uses schools to bring about a thriving economy
    • Emile Durkeim (1858-1917)
      • Key Concepts :Secondary Socialisation-takes place within educational institutions such as schools and college and includes the teaching of knowledge and skills needed for work.Social Control- encouraging conformity through social values using       sanctions. Sanctions- positive or negative sanctions may be given to encourage individuals to conform to societys norms and value.
        • Norms-Social rules, standards or expectations that govern the behaviour expected in particular situations. May be informal or formalValues-Ideas and beliefs about general principles or goals.Social Solidarity- a feelingof belonging to a group.

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