Traditional Marxism and Crime

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  • Created by: Ellie504
  • Created on: 17-05-16 22:34
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  • Traditional Marxism and Crime
    • Predominantly focuses on W/C boys committing crime as a resistance against capitalism.
      • Joining a gang can help offer a 'solution' and a support system to like-minded disadvantaged youths.
        • Therefore- Crime is inevitable!
          • They are unable to prosper due to education inequality, low employment.
          • Criminogenic.
      • They are unable to prosper due to education inequality, low employment.
    • How can Crime be prevented?
      • Provision of better education and job opportunities for W.C boys.
    • View that subcultures such as PUNKS are wearing a 'uniform' to represent their rebellion from society.
      • Rebellion - Merton's Strain Theory?
    • Criminal Justice System.
      • 'Justice is open to everyone the same way as the Ritz Hotel' - Justice Sturgess.
      • Crime is created by a criminal structure.
      • Capitalism is criminal as it exploits the Proletariat for the benefit of the Bourgeoisie
      • All crime is defined, upheld etc by the Bourgeoisie, created from acts which seek to underpin ruling class ideology.
        • ISA!! Althusser?
      • The law seeks to protect the rich! - Chambliss - laws are merely instruments to protect private property.
        • Selective Law enforcement.
      • Box - 'serious crime' is a ideological construction. Multinational crime hidden by this.
        • ISA!! Althusser?
      • Pearce - Crimes of the Powerful
        • Box - 'serious crime' is a ideological construction. Multinational crime hidden by this.
      • Inequality
        • Is also a crime! The world's rich having so much whilst the world's poor starve.
        • Proletariat face a huge amount of relative poverty.
        • Gordon (1971) - it is surprising that the W/C do not commit more crime!
        • Main cause of Crime as well as being a crime in its own right!
      • Evaluations
        • Why does crime still occur in Communist countries?
        • Western workers are protected more than most.
          • Snider - Argues capitalist states only pass H&S laws when forced to to appear beneficial to all.
        • More people are concerned with 'physical crimes' - such as theft, mugging, burglary.
        • Victims of Crime are often W/C instead of Bourgeoisie owners.
        • If Capitalism caused crime, why isnt the most crime committed by elderly and the young who are the poorest?
        • Blaming Capitalism removes personal responsibility.
        • Vicky Pryce case shows the opposite...

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