Marxism

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  • Marxism
    • Marx believes that religion acts as an ideological apparatus used by the capitalist class to justify the suffering of the poor by causing a false consciousness
      • False consciousness= a distorted view of reality that prevents the poor from acting to change their situation
    • Lenin describes religion as 'spiritual gin'
      • Religion disorts working class exploitation by the capitalist class, making them believe that if they work hard in this life they will be rewarded with  heaven
  • Abercrombie & Turner argue that in pre-capitalist society, while christianity was a major element of ruling class ideology, it only had a limited impact on the peasentry
    • Criticism: Religion does not necessarily function effectively as an ideology to control the population
      • Marx saw religion as  result of alienation. He says that it rises out of suffering and acts as a consolation for it, but fails to deal with its cause
        • Alienation involves becoming separated or losing control over something produced/created under capitalism
          • Marxism
            • Marx believes that religion acts as an ideological apparatus used by the capitalist class to justify the suffering of the poor by causing a false consciousness
              • False consciousness= a distorted view of reality that prevents the poor from acting to change their situation
            • Lenin describes religion as 'spiritual gin'
              • Religion disorts working class exploitation by the capitalist class, making them believe that if they work hard in this life they will be rewarded with  heaven
          • Alienation occurs when a worker does not own what they are producing, no control over the production process and no freedomto express themselves as their true nature as creative beings

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