marxism

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  • MARXISM
    • think laws are in place to protect property owners
    • KARL MARX
      • argued the legal system was the means by which 1 class kept another class under control
      • explanations for crime divided into 3 sections
    • 1) CAPITALIST SOCIETY CRIMINOGENIC
      • crime an in-built aspect of society
      • crime a rational response to competitiveness & inequality of life
      • GORDAN- not surprising the WC commit crime but that they don't commit more
    • 2) LAW REFLECTS INTERESTS OF RULING CLASS
      • CHAMBLISS- legal system doesn't represent a value consensus but are modelled on ruling class interests
      • BOX- what is seen as serious crime is socially & ideologically constructed
        • BOX- crimes involving huge corporations given less attention than WC crime
      • SNIDER- sees passing of health & safety laws as something the gov does when pressured by outside agencies - these provide a smoke screen
    • 3) SELECTIVE LAW ENFORCEMENT
      • official statistics give off impression that crime is mainly a WC thing, but this is largely due to SLE
      • CHAMBLISS- one rule for rich, one rule for poor, higher social class less likely to be prosecuted for crimes
      • PEARCE- biggest crimes are committed by ruling classes-  'crimes of the powerful'
    • EVALUATION
      • MC crime underrepresented in crime stats- white collar crime harder to detect

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