Marxism

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  • Created by: ecotts
  • Created on: 23-12-17 10:09
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  • Marxism
    • Capitalism and crime
      • Capitalism is based on oppression and economic exploitation
        • It creates a dog eat dog world in which greed, violence and corruption occur
          • The need to win, encourages white collar crime and corporate crime
        • Crime happens as a result of inequality and poverty
      • The structure of capitalist society explains crime and they believe it has three element:
        • Criminogenic capitalism
        • The state and law making
        • Ideological functions of crime and law
    • Criminogenic Capitalism
      • Crime is inevitable in capitalism because it is criminogenic -causes crime
      • It exploits the working class, damaging them, leading to the increase in crime
        • Poverty
          • Crime is the only way the W/C can survive
        • Theft
          • Only way they can obtain consumer goods
        • Vandalism
          • Lack of control leads to frustrations non-utilitarian
        • Money
          • Need to make money leads to white collar crime + corporate
      • Gordon
        • Crime is a rational response to capitalist system
    • The State and Law Creation
      • Chambliss
        • Law making and enforcement only serve the interests of a capitalist class
          • Laws protect private property and are the corner-stone of capitalist economy
          • Capitalist commit crimes such as fraud, however W/C likely to commit robbery
      • Snider
        • The ruling class have the power to prevent introduction of laws that may threaten their interests
          • Few laws that challenge unequal distribution of wealth
          • Capitalist state reluctant to pass laws that threaten profitability
      • The enforcement of laws are selective
        • Powerless groups like W/C and ethnic minorities are criminalised
        • Police tend to ignore the crimes of the powerful
    • Ideological functions of crime
      • Pearce
        • Laws appear to be for the benefit of the working class rather than capitalism
          • However, Pearce argues that laws benefit the ruling class like keeping workers fit for work
        • Because the state enforces the laws selectively, crime appears to be largely as working class phenomenon
          • It divided working class by encouraging the to blame criminals for their problems, not capitalism
    • Criticisms
      • Ignores relationship between crime and non-class inequalities such as ethnicity and gender
      • Not all capitalist societies have high crime rates; such as japan and Switzerland

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