Martin Luther King's involvement in Civil Rights 1960s

  • Created by: kingzai
  • Created on: 01-04-19 18:08
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  • MLK & CRM 1960s
    • Albany 1961
      • organized by the SNCC to have a sit in at the Albany bus station which refused to desegregate
      • MLK was invited but faced opposition as SNCC leaders didnt like the idea of outsiders taking part. When he left, the movement began to fail
        • It failed because of lack of cooperation and unpopular black violence.
      • It did have some positive effects including a loss of fear of ***********, mobilization of the black community and increased national attention
    • Birmingham 1963
      • King chose Alabama because of
        • the need to demonstrate the SCLC as as dynamic and successful.
        • It also seemed like a viable option because white people saw segregation as an economic constraint and he tried to gain these types of people's attention anyway
        • It seemed like an area that would trigger sympathy because he knew that with Bull Connor in power, it was likely that there would be immense violence
      • It started off unpopular because again, people weren't fond of MLK's leadership, but there were still demonstrations
        • This was followed by Bull's anticipated violence which caught the attention of Robert Kennedy, who urged JFK's action.
      • Significance
        • Positive
          • It was a skillful manipulation of the situation in the black right's favour
          • It increased news coverage on how severe segregation was in the South
          • Increased publicity for the SCLC with increased funds towards it
          • JFK said it was a significant factor in pushing the CR Act
        • Negative
          • It did little to actually bring change to Brimingham
          • It showed division between CR Organizations
          • It showed slowly decreasing popularity of MLK's leadership style
    • March On Washington 1964
      • done to encourage the passage of the Civil Rights Bill
      • Had a predominantly middle class crowd with a quarter of them being white. Featured I Have a Dream.
      • Slightly significant because it was the first time many major CR leaders cooperated
        • However cooperation did not last past this point
        • The official aim was to encourage passage of the bill but NY Times described congress as "unmoved" by it.
    • Selma 1965
      • De Jure segregation with major high inequality. CR Bill did little to help
      • King chose Selma to show segregation in the deep south and because he believed it would be like Birmingham
      • King tried to lead prospective voters to register but they weren't able to
        • They were attacked by state troopers. LBJ asked for call off but MLK refused.
      • Effects
        • MLK thought "bloody sunday" was great media coverage and was a "shining moment in the conscience of the man"
        • Historians believe that LBJ wouldnt ahve passed the Voting Righhts Act without Selma
        • SCLC left a string of embittered cities, activists felt betrayed by it

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