Yunan

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  • Created by: Phoebe
  • Created on: 15-04-13 17:06
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  • Mao Zedong and the Communists at Yunan 1936-1945
    • The Xian Incident 1936
      • The kidnapping of Chiang Kai Shek by the CCP
        • Deeply embarrassing for the GMD
        • Chiang was made to agree too:
          • Recognise the CCP as a legitimate party
          • Cease attempts at suppressing CCP
          • Lead a new united front against Japan
            • Proves CCP are true nationalists will do anything for Chinese Independence
    • The 9th december movement 1935
      • Protest against Japanese foreign interference
    • The communists at Yunan
      • Built caves
        • Better conditions than previously
      • growing their own food
        • elsewhere in China there was the famine of 1935-1936 which saw 30million dead
      • Schools
      • Hospitals
      • reliable economy using food and opium. CCP raised 40% of it's income through Opium trade
    • Maos political ideas
      • Chinese revolution must come from peasants   (made marxism fir chinese)
        • Used outmaneuvering and removal of opponents to establish unmatched authority to impose ideas
          • used informers and secret police
    • control in the countryside
      • Once reds occupied a villiage or reigion landowners were driven out or shot and the land given to peasants
        • More support
        • aFter On New Domocracy in 1940 Mao changed land lord programme so only Landowners who supported Japanese had their property seized
          • More money from landowners
    • The role of the red army
      • established military force to fight japs and GMD
      • aid and comfort the people
    • Party grew from 40,000 in 1937 to one million by 1945
    • The Rectification of Conduct campaign 1942-1944
      • Mao believed in revolutionarycorrectness where all members had to live and accept chinese communism
        • The campaign saw the arrest of 1000 CCP members who where anti-party thinking
        • Show trials
      • Consequences
        • Mao rid himself of opposition and consolidatedhis position as leader
        • Triumphed over pro Russia wing of the party
        • Chinese communismbecame Maoism
    • The soviet union
      • from 1935-1945 recieved little help against GMD
      • No support in war with Japan and backed Chiang
      • Survived 25 years of civil war and 15 years of Japanese occupation without help
      • If followed Russia CCP would have been destroyed
      • Stalin not to be trusted as revoltionary as didn't listen to CCP about warning of operaytion Barborossa
      • Comintern stopped in 1943 could be seen that russia knew couldnt shape chinese communism
        • Sign of Chinese indipendence

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