Food supply issues CASE STUDIES

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  • Created by: selene98
  • Created on: 07-05-15 13:57
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  • Bangladesh - doesn't meet demand
    • Managing food supply
      • China - self-sufficient
        • Food supplies managed
          • State control of grain production
            • Controlled by gov
            • Farmers required to produce at least 50mil tonnes at gov prices
            • 40mil tonnes sold to urban areas at low prices
          • Incentives to grow grains
            • Provinces that don't produce enough, have to buy from those with surplus
            • Incentives include subsides, free education, tax exemptions and guaranteed min prices
          • Modernisation of agriculture
            • Improved transportation infrastructure
            • Reduces losses during processing and distribution
            • Priority of agricultural research and development to improve yields
          • Protected domestic supplies
            • Limit grain imports
            • Stockpiling surplus grain, eg.g in 2008 had a reserve of 40% of its annual consumption
            • Reducing grain export
          • Advantages
            • Modernisation is a long-term investment
            • Prioritising self-sufficiency leaves less chance of disruption by external events
          • Disadvantages
            • Urbanisation is reducing the area of arable land
            • Increaseing rural poverty due to growing high value food
            • Reducing grains export can affect countries that rely on imports
    • Strategies to increase food production
      • Investment in technology
        • Subsidies and loans from gov to invest in Green Rev technologies
        • Use of high yielding rice seeds, agrochemicals and irrigation
          • Increased food produc from 11.7 to 23.1mil tonnes
        • More investment into Appropriate technology solutions
      • Free Market policies encourage food imports
        • Removal of subsidies, quotas and reduced import tariffs by gov
        • Essential to population
        • Disadvantages
          • Susceptibility to rising food prices e.g. rice price in 2008 put 4 mil in poverty
      • Encouraged diversification
        • Production of greater range of foods would improve health, nutrition and food security
        • Goods can be exported to EU without quotas/duties
        • Small+medium businesses supported by expertise and training projects
      • Investment in infrastructure
        • Maintaining and building roads improve transport of food
        • Increasing electricity supply for irrigation pumps
        • Building flood defences and improving water flow to reduce damage from floods
      • Proving Food Aid where needed
        • 'Food for Work' where people can work for food
        • 'Food for Education' increases child education + decreases child labour
      • Advantages
        • Diversification benefits the economy
        • F4E provides health + social benefits
      • Disadvantages
        • Some techs damage the environment
        • All strategies are expensive


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