USA Malcolm X

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  • Malcolm X
    • he had a troubled upbringing, during which white racists murdered his father
    • he was involved in crime and illegal drugs in his youth and went to prison, where joined the Nation of Islam
      • NOI= a racial group that mixed ideas from Islam with those of black separatism
    • he became a spokesperson for the NOI, arguing that black and white Americans should live separately
      • he believed white Americans could not help black Americans achieve equality
    • he related well to angry young people in Northern US cities
    • he set up the Organisation of Afro-American Unity
      • it aimed to unite all people of African descent and achieve political and economical independence from white Americans
    • members of the NOI assassinated him in 1965
    • before his death he came to believe that integration with whites might be possible
      • his pilgrimage to Mecca demonstrated that Muslims of different races could be united in faith
    • an effective public speaker and spoke with conviction and passion
    • in a speech in June 1964 he said that black people shocked defend themselves 'by any means necessary'
      • he said white Americans would never allow equality unless forced to do so
    • Malcom X's change of attitude
      • he left the NOI in 1964 to start up his own religious group
        • Muslim Mosque, Inc (MMI)
      • the NOI became his enemy and sent him death threats
        • members firebombed his home and he needed bodyguards
        • he was shot 15 times on 21st February 1965 while speaking in Harlem
          • 15,000 people attended his funeral on 27th February
      • his pilgrimage caused him to reject many of his old beliefs about separatism
      • he worked with other civil rights groups and set up the Organisation of Afro-American Unity (OAAU) in 1964
      • he met SNCC and CORE members to explore the possibility of working together
  • his birth name was Malcolm Little, which he rejected as a slave name
    • he replaced 'Little' with 'X' for unknown
    • Malcolm X
      • he had a troubled upbringing, during which white racists murdered his father
      • he was involved in crime and illegal drugs in his youth and went to prison, where joined the Nation of Islam
        • NOI= a racial group that mixed ideas from Islam with those of black separatism
      • he became a spokesperson for the NOI, arguing that black and white Americans should live separately
        • he believed white Americans could not help black Americans achieve equality
      • he related well to angry young people in Northern US cities
      • he set up the Organisation of Afro-American Unity
        • it aimed to unite all people of African descent and achieve political and economical independence from white Americans
      • members of the NOI assassinated him in 1965
      • before his death he came to believe that integration with whites might be possible
        • his pilgrimage to Mecca demonstrated that Muslims of different races could be united in faith
      • an effective public speaker and spoke with conviction and passion
      • in a speech in June 1964 he said that black people shocked defend themselves 'by any means necessary'
        • he said white Americans would never allow equality unless forced to do so
      • Malcom X's change of attitude
        • he left the NOI in 1964 to start up his own religious group
          • Muslim Mosque, Inc (MMI)
        • the NOI became his enemy and sent him death threats
          • members firebombed his home and he needed bodyguards
          • he was shot 15 times on 21st February 1965 while speaking in Harlem
            • 15,000 people attended his funeral on 27th February
        • his pilgrimage caused him to reject many of his old beliefs about separatism
        • he worked with other civil rights groups and set up the Organisation of Afro-American Unity (OAAU) in 1964
        • he met SNCC and CORE members to explore the possibility of working together

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