Maintenance of a relationship  

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  • Maintenance of a relationship
    • Social-exchange theory
      • maintaining because of rewards/costs
        • Rewards are different with people - money,love,status, attentinon
        • Rusbult- on college students , questioner and than checked again after 7 months - results that couples who had an better alternative had broke up
          • specific group of people- only on college relationship - can not be compared to marriage or homosexual relationships
          • questioner - self/report so people can lie on it
          • Longitudinal study- it does not take into account what else may have happen
      • behaviorist  approach as maximize rewards and minimize costs
      • We compare with our previous relationships and with possible alternatives
      • Economic maintenance
      • Criticism as it is to much reductionist
    • Equity theorhy
      • combination of behaviorist and economy
      • Balance of costs and rewards costs and rewards
        • Hatfield - couples who unequal relationships are most likely to break up-560 students; checked 3 months later
          • Small sample size as 560 can not be applied to the population
          • Cultural-bias as it was done on West
      • association of a good felling with the partenr
        • Social-exchange theory
          • maintaining because of rewards/costs
            • Rewards are different with people - money,love,status, attentinon
            • Rusbult- on college students , questioner and than checked again after 7 months - results that couples who had an better alternative had broke up
              • specific group of people- only on college relationship - can not be compared to marriage or homosexual relationships
              • questioner - self/report so people can lie on it
              • Longitudinal study- it does not take into account what else may have happen
          • behaviorist  approach as maximize rewards and minimize costs
          • We compare with our previous relationships and with possible alternatives
          • Economic maintenance
          • Criticism as it is to much reductionist
      • Criticism as it doesn't take into account nature
        • Criticism- variable ratio-reinforcement where partners stay even though their costs are higher than rewards
        • Research support- Sttaford who surveyed 200 married couples and found that
          • most satisfied couples where the ones who had  equality in their marrieg
          • specific group- married people
          • small sample size as it was 200 participants

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