Maintenance

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  • Created by: Natasha
  • Created on: 12-01-13 14:24
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  • Maintenance
    • Social exchange theory
      • Individuals attempt to max profit, min loss. Rewards-costs=profit/loss  Rewards: companionship, sex. Cost: time, money
    • Comparison level
      • Based on previous experiences. Relationships based on profitability of outcome comparison level- alternative: new relationship more profitable
    • Sex/profit
      • Men lie in order to have sex. Women have sex to avoid confrontation. Judge sexual deception as profitable, gain approval and intimacy, rewarding them.
    • Abusive relationships
      • Alternatives low and investment high, stay in relationships. Ignores role of investment. May not be applicable to all relationships
        • Rusbult and Martz
    • Counts after dissatisfied
      • Begin to count costs after dissatifiation. Only use comparison level alternative when dissatisfied not throughout relationship
        • Argyle
        • Duck
    • Nurture,social
      • Reward increases likihood maintenance  Control of maintenance by social interactions. Link young age social interactions and romantic relationships
    • Cultural bias
      • Less choice: arranged marriages. Profit and loss irrelevant. Secuity may be sufficient reward. Theory proposes only receive rewards and ignores gratification of partner
        • Maghadda
    • Reductionsm/ID
      • Pessimistic suggests people hedistic. Equity could be more rewarding giving than recieving. Fails to acknowledge ID. Making it reductionist
      • Equity theory
        • Inequity=distress, seeking fairness. gives more than recieve or recieves more than gives. Result dissatification.Motivated to restore inequity amending amount. Use comparison level calculate if worth investing
    • Equity theory
      • Inequity=distress, seeking fairness. gives more than recieve or recieves more than gives. Result dissatification.Motivated to restore inequity amending amount. Use comparison level calculate if worth investing
    • Individual differences
      • Input and output subjective.Does not mean equality
    • Highest sat,highest equity
      • Highest satifaction when relationship percieved to be equitable, RL important factor for relationship success. Women underbenfited,predicting later disruption
        • Stafford and canary
        • DeMaris
    • Application RL
      • Suggests theory has high ecological validity, helps overall understanding
    • Desire to respond to needs than equity
      • More applicable to colleagues or business associates. Love relationships desire to respond to needs of partner than desire to achieve equity
        • Clark and Mills
    • Amount perceived
      • Equity still important factor for LTR, we expect needs to be returned in pecieved  amount to last long term
        • DeMaris
    • Reductionist, emotions not logic
      • Depends on pecieved amount, suggest simple calculations. complex beings based on emotions than logic. Oversimplified. Still feel emotional bond despite feeling inequity, so choice to maintain relationship

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