Main points of the emancipation settlement

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  • Created by: AdamLC
  • Created on: 22-10-13 16:49
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  • Main Points of the Emancipation Settlement
    • Serfs were no longer tied to the land and became freemen, and were free to:
      • Marry
      • Own Property
      • Set up Business
      • Travel
      • Enjoy Legal Rights
    • Each serf family (excluding domestic serfs) was entitled to keep its cottage and an allotment
      • The extent  of allotment granted was dependant on local circumstances
    • Landowners retained ownership of meadows, pasture and woodland, and the land which he had farmed personally, was to be worked by hired labour, usually ex-serfs/
    • Peasants were to continue to pay OBROK for a further two years after emancipation, before they achieved the status of freemen
      • Landlords were not allowed to alter their demands during this period, known as 'temporary obligation'
    • Volosts (local administrative councils) were established to supervise the mirs. These had their own communal courts (from 1863) and provided some degree of peasant self-government, replacing landlord jurisdiction over serfs
    • Communal open fields were retained in common by the mir and could be used by all ex-serfs
    • Freed Serfs were to remain within the peasant community (mir) until all the redemption payments were made.
      • The mir controlled land allocation, tax collection, and in broad terms, the entire economic life of the commune
    • Landlords would receive compensation from the government for the loss of land in the form of government bonds
      • Peasants required to pay redemption payments, a form of tax for they received. These payments would be made in 49 annual charges with a 6% interest rate
    • Peasants kept the land surrounding the cottage (known as usad'ba) and received and additional allocation of land according to their position and the decision of the mir.
      • They could also purchase additional strips of land


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