MACBETH STUDY MAP

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  • vs
    • "This is a pleasant seat"
      • This is an example of dramatic irony as Duncan is unaware of what she said in her soliloquy.
    • "The fatal entrance of Duncan"
      • LADY MACBETH
        • "Raven" is a symbol of death
        • MACBETH
          • LOYALTY
            • Banquo
              • Good friend
              • Warns Macbeth about the witches saying that they are "equivocators" that tell "false truths". They are also "instruments of darkness"
            • Macbeth kills Macdonwald, the traitor
              • Shows his capacity for blood thirsty crimes
                • He  has always been mad, never loyal
                  • MADNESS AND GUILT
                    • Macbeth's dagger soliloquy
                      • "Dagger of the mind"
                      • "Heat oppressed brain?"
                        • "?" shows he is confused
                        • "Heat oppressed" means he is going mad
                    • "incardine"
                      • The sea cannot wash away Macbeth's guilt.
                      • "Neptune's ocean"
                        • Metaphor for how not even the gods can help him
                          • Contrasts with Lady Macbeth as she says "A little water clear us of this deed"
                            • Later in the play she changes and becomes obsessed with the "damned spot" and kills herself because of the guilt
                              • She, along side with Macbeth, disturbed the natural order, thus creating chaos in the world. God will not help them for this reason.
                                • ACT 2 VS ACT 5
                        • God will also not help Lady Macbeth, this can be seen when she is using a "candle"
                          • Candles are symbols of light and hope and that is what she is trying to achieve by having a candle with her at all times. She wishes to repent.
                            • Later in the play she changes and becomes obsessed with the "damned spot" and kills herself because of the guilt
                              • She, along side with Macbeth, disturbed the natural order, thus creating chaos in the world. God will not help them for this reason.
                                • ACT 2 VS ACT 5
                    • "Neptune's ocean"
                      • Metaphor for how not even the gods can help him
                        • Contrasts with Lady Macbeth as she says "A little water clear us of this deed"
                        • God will also not help Lady Macbeth, this can be seen when she is using a "candle"
                          • Candles are symbols of light and hope and that is what she is trying to achieve by having a candle with her at all times. She wishes to repent.
                  • "Like Valour's minion carved his passage"
                    • Courage has been personified to show Macbeth is the epitome of  bravery
              • MADNESS AND GUILT
                • Macbeth's dagger soliloquy
                  • "Dagger of the mind"
                  • "Heat oppressed brain?"
                    • "?" shows he is confused
                    • "Heat oppressed" means he is going mad
                • "incardine"
                  • The sea cannot wash away Macbeth's guilt.
            • "Come, you spirits"
              • The use of the imperative verb "Come" shows that she is trying to parallel the witches with the use of power.
            • "Unsex me here"
              • She wants all feminine qualities removed in the patriarchal society she lives in so she can be strong.
            • "Top-full of direst cruelty"
              • This shows she is evil and suggests that her impurities motivates Macbeth.
                • "Act  like the innocent flower but be the serpent under it"
                  • Hide her guilt?
                  • Appearances vs reality
                  • Implies that Macbeth should be the devil through the noun "serpent" as they have connection with the garden of Eden and temptations.
                    • "Devilish Macbeth"-Malcolm
                    • The porter refers to himself as the porter of "Hell-gate" as a form of comic relief (in prose as he is of lower class)
                      • This is a form of dramatic irony as Macbeth is continuously referred to as the devil or something like that.
            • EMASCULATES MACBETH (takes away his masculinity)
              • "And live a coward in thine own esteem?"
                • She cleverly uses words to manipulate Macbeth
              • "When you durst do it."
            • Refers to the murder of Duncan (regicide) as "deed"
              • This is called a euphemism.
                • She does this because she cannot cope with the fact that she has helped in a murder.
                  • Contrasts with the fact that she said Macbeth should not leave it to chance and kill Duncan.

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