M5: hormonal control

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  • M5: hormonal communication
    • endocrine glands
      • hormones straight to blood
        • steroid
          • lipophilic, receptor in cytoplasm, nucleus, mRNA made
        • amino acid derivatives
          • 1st messengers
      • pituitary
        • ADH
      • thyroid
        • thyroxine
      • thymus
        • thymosin
      • ovaries & testes
        • testosterone, oestrogen, progesterone
    • adrenal glands
      • adrenal medulla
        • noradrenaline
        • adrenaline
      • cortex
        • zona glomerulosa
          • mineralocortoids
        • zona fasciculata
          • glucocorticoids e.g. cortisol
        • zona reticularis
          • cortisol
          • precursor androgens
    • pancreas
      • exocrine
        • digestive enzymes
        • acinis
      • endocrine
        • islets of langerhans
          • b-cells
            • insulin
          • a-cells
            • glucagon
    • glucoregulation
      • too high
        • insulin
        • glycogenesis
        • hepatocytes, muscle cells
      • too low
        • glucagon
        • glycogenolysis
        • gluconeogenesis
        • hepatocytes
      • diabetes
        • type 1
        • type 2
        • insulin injections
        • pancreas transplant

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