Luke's Backround ( HEROD AND PILATE )

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  • Luke's Backround ( HEROD AND PILATE )
    • Pontius Pilate
      • Prefect of Judea in AD 26-36, replaced son of Herod the great Archaleus after his exile in 6AD.
        • Pilate was portrayed as a cruel, greedy and oppressive leader by Josephus.
          • Josephus speaks of the brutality of Pilate and his misdemeanants with 2 separate areas. 1) Placing the Pagan Ladle on Jewish standards. 2) using sacred money to create an aqueduct.
            • 1) Pilate placed the ladle of the pagan priests of Rome on Jewish standards. The jews found out and made their way to Caesaria. On the 6th day Pilate had his men keep their weapons conceled with them. After further rebuke, the soldiers set upon the crowd, but they were willing to die for the cause showing their bare necks. To stop further commotion Pilate withdrew all standards.
              • Picture or effegies of Ceasar also were rebuked by Jewish customers
              • Also Pilate had shields placed with the emperors name on them, at Herod's home, this lead to further disruption. He then went on to slaughter samaritan followers at Mount Gerizim, he was then dismissed from Judea, due to Herod's Sons going to Emperor Tiberius.
            • He then he took sacred money to build an aqueduct for Jerusalem, many people still recieved no water due to its design. Many Jews came together only to be slaughtered by dagger wielding soldiers.
        • Luke shows his brutality and his conscience, maybe implaced to not discourage gentiles from his gospel ( Roman followers ).
          • LK 13:1 " Some were present who reported to him about Galileans whose blood Pilate had mixed with their sacrifices."
            • This showed Pilates Brutality in Luke
            • Luke shows Pilate trying to save Jesus with several different quotational points.
              • LK 23:4 " I Find no guilt in this man. "
                • LK 23:14 " I have found no guilt in this man regarding the charges which you have made against him.
                  • LK 23:20 " Pilate, wanting to release Jesus addressed him again. "
                    • LK 23:22 "Why, what evil has this man done? I have found in him no guilt demanding death;"
    • Herod the Great
      • Ruled Palestine for the romans, also known the " Puppet King" , hated by the likes of Pharisees as has no true jewish blood.
      • Born in IDUMAEA, south of JUDEA, no claim to throne "pretender"
        • Ruled 37-4 BC
      • Clever, brought true stability to Palestine
        • Built cities and the temple in Jerusalem for the Jews.
      • Had Mariamne and 2 sons executed, due to belief of adultery.
        • Also had Antipater killed in 4 BC year of his own death.
          • Emperor Augustus then had the kingdom split in 3 for his 3 sons
            • Archaleus- ethnarch of Judea and Samaria 6 AD sent to exile, replaced by pilate.
            • Philip- tetrarch of ITUREA and TRACHONITIS
            • Antipas- tetrarch of Galilee
              • Had John executed due to his criticizing of the marriage between antipas and herodias, Philip's wife.
              • Jesus under his rule, was sent to him where he mocked him and put him in royal robes.
              • Banished to Lyons, in Gaul in AD 39, accused of treason by Agrippa. Josephus claims " So he died in Spain." year of death unknown but believed that Herodias followed him.
        • Emperor Augustus, " It is better to be Herod's Swine than his son."
          • Gratz, " The evil Genius of the Judean Nation"
          • Josephus, " Such a warrior as could not be withstood.. Fortune was also very favourable to him."
  • Pilate was portrayed as a cruel, greedy and oppressive leader by Josephus.
    • Josephus speaks of the brutality of Pilate and his misdemeanants with 2 separate areas. 1) Placing the Pagan Ladle on Jewish standards. 2) using sacred money to create an aqueduct.
      • 1) Pilate placed the ladle of the pagan priests of Rome on Jewish standards. The jews found out and made their way to Caesaria. On the 6th day Pilate had his men keep their weapons conceled with them. After further rebuke, the soldiers set upon the crowd, but they were willing to die for the cause showing their bare necks. To stop further commotion Pilate withdrew all standards.
        • Picture or effegies of Ceasar also were rebuked by Jewish customers
        • Also Pilate had shields placed with the emperors name on them, at Herod's home, this lead to further disruption. He then went on to slaughter samaritan followers at Mount Gerizim, he was then dismissed from Judea, due to Herod's Sons going to Emperor Tiberius.
      • He then he took sacred money to build an aqueduct for Jerusalem, many people still recieved no water due to its design. Many Jews came together only to be slaughtered by dagger wielding soldiers.

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