London Docklands Case Study

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  • London Docklands
    • Why did it decline?
      • Industrial Decline
        • The growth of services, which signaled the encroachment
        • The loss of jobs in small, labour intensive firms, a consequene of changes in production.
        • The decline of the larger firms in the manufacturing and transport sectors, such as the docks and the dock-related industries
      • Population Decline
        • The population declined as the young, better educated and better off moved away.
        • In some cases the replacement population was from overseas. The Docklands has traditionally been an area of new immigrant settlement.
          • The population declined as the young, better educated and better off moved away.
        • The new immigrant population was vulnerable to social and economic problems.
    • Where is the Docklands?
      • The Docklands extends eastwards from London Bridge to the Royal Docks at Beckton.
      • The docks were formerly part of the Port of London, at one time the world's largest port.
    • How effective was regeneration?
      • Economic
        • Positive
          • Unemployment has fallen with cases of a doubling in employment.
          • Transport revolution - Docklands Light Railway in 1987, carry's 35,00 people a week.
          • £7.7 billion in private sector investment.
          • 2,7000 businesses trading
          • The City airport built in the former Royal Docks will bring 500,00+ passengers a year.
          • The attraction of financial and high tech terms, and the TV studios and newspapers have offices in Canary Wharf.
      • Social
        • Positive
          • £10 million spent on improvement council and housing association homes
          • A total of 22,000 new homes built
          • Conversion and gentrification of old warehouses to new homes.
          • New shopping centre built including a 4,600 sq meters ASDA.
          • Large new shopping centre with over 30 shops.
          • £100 million spent on health, education, jobs
      • Environmental
        • Positive
          • Network of pedestrian and cycle routes through the area with access to the river and dock edge through waterside walkways.
          • Creation of pedestrian bridges and open spaces of 150 ha
          • Water based Ecology Park and London's first bird sanctuary at East India Dock Basin. One of 17 conservation areas.
          • Planting of 200,000 trees
          • The area has got awards for architecture, conservation and landscaping.
      • Negatives
        • The improvements did not aid the original 'Eastenders'
        • Locals were unable to afford the house prices.
        • Despite a job increase, most required the skills that the ex-dockers didn't have.

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