Organic compounds

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  • Created by: Bethhy
  • Created on: 23-04-14 11:31
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  • Living things
    • organic compounds
      • contain hydrogen, carbon and oxygen
        • less often nitrogen, sulphur and phosphorus
      • carbon chain, hydrogen and oxygen on the side.
      • monomer into polymer
    • Carbohydrates
      • monosaccharides
        • simple sugars
        • 1 oxygen, 2 hydrogen to every carbon.
        • (CH2O)N
      • Disaccharides
        • double sugars
          • 2 monosaccharides
        • join by condensation reaction.
        • link by covalent bond
          • glycosidic bonds
        • (C6H10O5)n
      • Polysaccharides
        • 3-10= oligosaccharides
        • 11+ polysaccharides
    • starch
      • Polysaccharides
        • 3-10= oligosaccharides
        • 11+ polysaccharides
      • long chain polymers
      • amylose
        • unbranched polymer
        • enzyme work at each end
        • 1, 4 glycosidic bonds
      • amylopectin
        • chain branches
        • energy can be broken off quickly.
        • 1, 6 glycosidic bonds
    • hydrolysis
      • water added to the bond
        • Digestion in the gut

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