Who took part in the French Revolution and what role did they play?

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  • The French Revolution - international? Limitations? Other causes
    • Slave rebellion in plantation colonies
    • Haitian independence
      • French Revolution's cry of 'rights' and 'liberty' looks hypocritical from slave plantation of Saint Domingue (later Haiti)
      • 1791
        • Slave revolt led by Touissant L'Ouverture
      • 1794 - Constituent Assembly declares end of slavery
      • 1804
        • Haiti declares itself independent
          • due to Napoleon rescinding to end slavery resulting in revolution
      • Economic boom since 1730s
        • production of sugar and irrigation systems
      • Haiti reliant on slavery of Africans
      • Bi-racial people outnumbered white people
        • white people and black Africans worked land (entrapped in situation)
      • French government placed reparations on people of Haiti
        • new nation begins with enormous debt  - must pay it in order to claim freedom
      • Only successful slave revolt
        • Beacon of what is possible to achieve
    • Women's campaign against slavery
    • Olampe Degouge
      • executed for challenging Rights of Men that only applied to male-bodies
    • Bombay Courier
      • 1793
      • Shipped bust of Mr Fox (radical English politician)
      • Young cabin boy brought pamphlet of Thomas Payne's 'Rights of Man'
        • banned in Britain, instrumental in France
        • Came accidentally onto ship (used to wrap up pork pie)
        • Black member of crew read pamphlet to crew
          • crew declared ship a republic, all should be captains
        • Put bust on deck -graffitied it
        • Captain and crew overpowered insurgents
      • Story may not be true
      • Story affects thinking about Revolution
        • Global network of ideas and actions
        • Took place on slave Caribbean, frigates in muddle of seas, newspapers bound for Bombay,
    • Possible causes of French Revolution
      • Increasing literacy rates
        • Printing press
        • Circulation of ideas
      • 1788 harvest failure
        • Compromised majority of people in France
      • Tax burden on poorest
        • Clergy from foreign countries (10%)
          • Owned 25% of land
            • Right to take labour and tax their land
              • Burden fell primarily on poorest
        • Tax on beer and bread
      • Deregulation of grain prices
        • High inflation
      • Unreformed political structure
        • Clergy and aristocracy riding on back of peasantry
      • Expensive imperial warfare in India and North America
        • Peasantry did not understand
      • American War of Independence
        • Echoes of it comes to France
        • Spreading of rumours about people overthrowing tyrannical power


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