Linguistic devices

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  • Linguistic Devices
    • Emphasis
      • Writer's point
        • Facts- information to prove a point so can support a writer's claim
        • Opinions- individual's own thoughts so makes their point more personal
        • Statistics- numerical data, like facts
      • Point of text
        • List of three- 3 words in a list format - also varies sentence length, engaging the reader
      • Certain point
        • Short sentences- involve one clause - also varies sentence length
        • Repetition- repeated use of the same word or phrase - also makes text more powerful
        • Hyperbole- extreme exaggeration - also helps to express a strong emotion or evoke humour due to exaggeration
        • Alliteration- repetition of initial consonant sound at start of 2 or more words - also varies sentence length
        • Sibilance- alliteration of the 's' sound - also varies sentence length
    • Persuasion
      • Rhetorical questions- a question that doesn't require an answer - also to engage and involve the reader by making them think
      • Emotive language- makes the reader emotionally respond to text - also to involve the reader and keep them interested
    • Imagery
      • Simile- expressing a resemblance between things of different kinds e.g. cold as snow - also keeps the reader interested
      • Metaphor- expressing a comparison of one thing to another by saying it 'is' that thing e.g. the world is your oyster - also keeps the reader interested
      • Personifying- gives human qualities to animals and objects - also keeps the reader interested
      • Five senses- description of sound, sight, smell, touch and taste - also adds more detail to the text
    • Engage the reader
      • Direct address- addresses reader through second person narration - also makes reader think about the text more
      • Punctuation- clarifies meaning of written material - also varies sentences
      • Puns- play on words, usually have double meaning or similar sounding to another word - humour
      • Taboo language- words which are considered offensive and so avoided - shock or show a relaxed relationship
      • Irony- saying one thing but meaning another - humour


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