Limitations of personal, political and religious freedom

Alexander II depth study

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  • Limitations on personal, political and religious freedom
    • Peasantry
      • Disgruntled acceptance rather opposition outbreak, Tsar natural supporters
      • Local Govt.  offered limited avenues for reform but didn't affect many day to day
      • Mainly untouched by legal reform: volost/peasants courts
      • Habit of showing defence to authority
      • Harsh punishments for uprising - Kazen revolt of 200 were punished
      • Arbritary force made 1870's peasants reluctant to join intelligentsia which encouraged rebellion
    • Nobility
      • Emancipation serfs forced them to give up labour/land to ex-serfs
      • Wanted to be dominant still. Provincial Governors and high powers with Zemstva, military and judiciary
      • Assassination attempt of 1866 made cons believe that state needed to be purged of foreign influences
        • Pahlen = ministry of justice, liberal Golerin to Tolstoy. Shuvalov became head of secret police. Timashev to replace Valuev as minister of internal affairs
      • Cons felt educated population would be rebellious
      • felt reforms undermined their authority, should be purged of Western ideas

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