elife span

  • Created by: sammie
  • Created on: 03-04-13 11:59
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    • ERIKSONS THEORY OF PSYCHOSOCIAL DEVELOPMENT - has ideas similar to Freud, agrees with stages of id,ego and super ego but disagreed that its developed in childhood, he believes it continues though to adulthood
      • The criisis can have either positive or negative outcomes and how a person deals with the crisis will affect their overall personality development
        • 13-18 identity Vs role confusion focusing on peer group relationships with a virtue of Fidelity
      • if resolved sucsessfully, the individual will develop a certain 'virtue or psychological strength' wich helps them on to next stage
        • 19-25  intimacy Vs isolation focusing on friendships with virtue of love
          • develop a meaningful and caring relationship with another person and avoid ending up isolted if they fail to do so whilst not becoming truly dependent on another
        • 26-40 Generatively Vs Stagnation, focus on the household with a virtue of care
          • Generativity relates to being caring and creative when t comes to ones own future and future generaions, caerr and having children may be included, stagnation is the 'midlife crisis' where a person feels they have little or no purpose
        • Gender biased- male
        • culture biased to individualistic cultures
        • NEYGARTEN clear evidence that key developmental changes occur at an earlier age for working class men than middle class men
        • difficult  to put  in to testable form- lack of empirical evidence
        • uses self report  data
        • Very influential in establishing life span approach
        • face vality
        • shown importance of social influences
        • KAHN found that students that were assessed low in identity later had less success in relationships
    • LEVINSON'S SEASONS OF A MANS LIFE he also sees personality as continuing though out adulthood and old age, he looked at how adulthood is actually experienced (life structure) which changes over the life span, stable/unstable built primarily around work and relationships
      • PRE ADULTHOOD 0-17 grows from independent baby in to early adulthood
      • Used in depth biographical interviews he carried out with 40 american me (35-45) drawn from 4 occupational groups, factory workers, business executives, uni lecturers and novelist


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