Life changes mindmap

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  • Life Changes
    • Holmes and Rahe.
      • Aimed to find out whether life changes would affect the individuals illness and stress.
      • They make a list of 43 most common life events and asked people to rate them from 1 - 100.
      • They then ranked the scores and created the Social Readjustment Rating Scale (SRRS). They said the higher the rank, the more stressful the event.
      • For example, death of a spouse was 100, divorce was 73, marriage was 50, retirement was 45 and Christmas was 12.
      • They found a positive correlation between the likelihood of illness or stress and the high scores on the SRRS.
      • Evaluation Points
        • The SRRS does not separate positive and negative events - so divorce may be a happy or sad event depending upon the individual.
        • Some events are out of our control so they need to be classed as undesirable or desirable.
        • As it was correlational, it does not consider someone's susceptibility to stress or levels of health.
        • Easy to replicate.
    • Rahe et al.
      • This was a correlational study which was carried out upon 2500 American Naval Sailors.
      • It was done just before they were deployed. They were asked to indicate all previous life changes in the previous 6 months.
      • It was found that high SRRS scores were linked to a higher incidence of illness in the next seven months.
      • Evaluation Points
        • Not representative of the population, all American, all sailors.
        • Correlational study so it does not explain causality.
        • However, correlational studies do show a relationship between variables.


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