Liberalism

  • Created by: Besme
  • Created on: 10-06-18 18:43
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  • Liberalism
    • Classical Liberalism, known as economic liberalism or neo-liberalism
      • Is the older strand, dating back from the 18th centre, its philosophical priorities are free-market, economic and minimal state intervention
    • Modern Liberalism
      • Emerged in the middle of the 19th century with philosophers such as John Stuart Mill. It redefined individual freedom to allow for more state intervention and welfare
    • Is centred on the belief in individual freedom
    • Core values : human nature, individualism and freedom
    • Human nature - believe that humans are rational but self-interested
    • Rationalism - the belief that knowledge flows from reason and logic than from tradition, custom or faith
      • as it give humans the ability to resolve disaggrement through peaceful and debate without resorting to violence
    • individualism - a belief in the primacy of the rights and interests of the individual over any group,society or state
      • Liberalism believes in foundational equality - that every individual, despite having different skills and talent, is equal moral worth
    • Freedom - John Locke - Life,liberty and property - suggesting that individuals should make their own decision about where an how thy live
      • John Struct Mill ' Over himself, over his onw body and mind, the individual is sovereign
  • The Liberal view of government
    • View the government as ''necessary evil'
      • 1) Embodies state power, which can be coercive and oppressive
      • ''All power corrupts, and absolute power corrupts absolutely''
      • Self-interested individuals will inevitably use it to further there own interest and to oppress and exploit other
    • Therefore, believe in limited government, meaning their powers should be restricted, legitimate and accountable

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