Liberal theory on war and peace

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  • Liberal theory on WAR and PEACE
    • E.g. DELL theory of Conflict Prevention (Friedman).
      • Trade to maintain a strong economy.
    • International institutions prevent conflict.
      • E.g. UN/IMF/EU
    • Liberals believe that war arises from 3 sets of avoidable circumstances
    • Liberals want anarchy to be replaced by an international rule of law, such as supranational bodies (EU).
    • War is often linked to economic nationalism and autarky.
      • Thus, states should trade to prevent war
      • Quests for economic self-sufficiency actually leads to bringing states into violent conflict against each other.
        • Thus, states should trade to prevent war
        • This means war would be economically impossible
      • Global governance, such as the IMF and WTO, promotes this.
        • Quests for economic self-sufficiency actually leads to bringing states into violent conflict against each other.
          • This means war would be economically impossible
        • The state's position in war depends on the constitutional character.
          • The more authoritarian states are, the more militaristic they are going to be.
            • The more democratic, lead to no war as it is naturally linked with peace.
        • Liberal theory implies that military power is redundant.
          • Instead of being the key source of international politics, its defence budgets shows it is redundant.
            • US: $569 billion
            • China: $190 billion.
            • UK: $66.5 billion

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