FRENCH REVOLUTION legal reforms

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  • Legal reforms
    • 16th August 1790, Constituent Assembly abolished the ancien regime
      • Different systems of law in the north and the south
      • Different types of law court, the Parlements, Seigneurial and ecclesiastical courts
      • Letters de cachet
      • Torture and mutilation were abolished
        • Penal code modified to be more humane
          • The New System
            • Each Canton- a JP who would deal with cases previously handled by seigneurial
            • JPs main task was to persuade different parties to come to an agreement, also judge minor civil cases: EG trespass
            • Serious cases EG property disputes, dealt in a district court
            • Criminal court located in each department, trials held in public before a jury
            • Head of judicial system: Court of Appeal, judges elected by department assemblies
            • All judges elected by active citizens, only those who had been lawyers for five years eligible
          • March 1792 introduction of the guillotine approved by the Legislature Assembly
    • The New System
      • Each Canton- a JP who would deal with cases previously handled by seigneurial
      • JPs main task was to persuade different parties to come to an agreement, also judge minor civil cases: EG trespass
      • Serious cases EG property disputes, dealt in a district court
      • Criminal court located in each department, trials held in public before a jury
      • Head of judicial system: Court of Appeal, judges elected by department assemblies
      • All judges elected by active citizens, only those who had been lawyers for five years eligible
    • How revolutionary were the legal reforms?
      • Brought many economic freedoms
      • Economic justice
      • Many reforms that were introduced remain similar today
      • Reform of revolution
      • How successful were the reforms?
        • Many of them are still in place which shows success
        • Unsuccessful as many uprisings took place EG the Great Fear
        • Could have completely changed the tax system and it did partially
        • Fewer capital offences due to the abolishment of torture, branding and hanging
        • Justice was made free and equal- popular
      • Justice was made free and equal- popular

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