Legal Issues in ICT

  • Created by: Bex2001
  • Created on: 13-03-17 11:48
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  • Data Protection Act
    • Legal Issues in ICT
      • Copyright and Patents act
        • Covers books, software, graphics, music downloads... You can't produce it without the owners permission.
          • Prevents theft of intellectual property (ideas).
          • Plagiarism - copying a piece of writing, music, or other intellectual property from someones else and presenting it as your own work.
        • Licenses
          • To use proprietary software (software you have to buy e.g. Microsoft Office). You have to buy a license.e.g. Single users licence, Multi-user license, site license e.g. a school.
          • Open source software is free and you don't need a license. e.g. Scratch
      • Computer Misuse act
        • Prevents unauthorised access to a computerised data (hacking). This includes accessing data on a network that you are not authorised to.
          • Accessing a system you are not allowed to (using someone else's password).
          • Unauthorised access with the intent to commit further offense (fraud and internet banking.
          • Unauthorised modification of data e.g. deleting data, spreading a virus. Punishable by a fine or imprisonment.
    • Data users (organisations who collect the data). They have RESPONSIBILITY
      • 1) they must collect data fairly and lawfully.
      • 2) must keep data secure.
      • 3) must not be kept longer than necessary
      • 4) must be kept accurate and up to date.
      • 5) must be adequate, relevant and not excessive,
      • 6) must be not transferred outside the EU.
      • 7) must be processed fairly and lawfully.
      • 8) must be processed within the user's rights.
    • Data Subjects (those who the data is about). They have RIGHTS.
      • 1) To see data held on them.
      • 2) to insist that data is up to date and accurate and that it be changed if not.
      • 3)They have a right to compensation if data is disclosed without authorisation.
      • 4) a right to ask for data to not be processed if it will cause harm to the family.
    • EXEMPTIONS (not covered by the act)
      • 1) if the data is held for tax purposes
      • 2) data is held for personal reasons (e.g. your Christmas card list).
      • 3) if data is related to national crime/terrorism/security
      • 4) if it is for statistical purposes (e.g. the census)
    • Data Controller
      • They ensure that companies abide by the DPA
    • Designed to protect the privacy about whom data is stored.


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