Left realism and Crime

A colour coded mind map of various sociological elemnts within left realism as a theory within the explanation of crime. Includes main issues and evaluation of theory also.

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  • Left Realism and Crime
    • Close to the position of the British Labour Party. Lea and Young: see themselves as socialists; agree with Marxists that the cause of crime originates from inequalities in society h/w see Marxists as 'left idealists', where they support the reform of society opposed to revolutionary change advocated by Marxists.
      • See crimes other than White-collar: Serious - need to be explained + tackled
    • Dealing with Crime
      • Policing problems
        • 90% of crimes known to police are notified by public. Also solved with help from public
          • research shows: public confidence in police has declined. (fabrications; violence; false recordings)
            • trust breaks down -> flow of info dries up -> Military policing (Kinsey et al) -> Mobilisation of bystander
              • Police must improve relationship with community
                • Spend more time investigating crimes = regain trust
                  • Over - policing certain crimes. Should focus on under - policed.
        • Police must improve relationship with community
          • Spend more time investigating crimes = regain trust
            • Over - policing certain crimes. Should focus on under - policed.
      • Tackle social causes
        • Its not the criminal justice system, but social inequalities that lead to relative deprivation
          • Young: improve leisure facilities for young; reduce income inequlities; raise living standards for poor families
        • Multi-Agency
    • Evaluation
      • Hughes: Reliance on subcultural theory -> same trap -> shared values?
        • Hughes:Fails to explain cause of crime, only speculation because of victimisation studies
      • Ruggiero: Aware but havent investigated corporate crimes
      • Hughes: Provided useful sociological concepts
        • Promoted debate
  • State
    • Society
      • Victim
        • Crime
          • Offender
            • State
              • Society
                • Victim
                  • Crime
                    • Offender
                      • Multiple aetiology
                      • Multiple explanations
            • Multiple aetiology
            • Multiple explanations
    • Good influence on social policies

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