Left Realism

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  • Left Realism
    • Critical response to Traditional Marxist approaches
      • TM romaticises working class criminals as 'Robin Hoods', fighting against social inequality
      • Claims that TM does not take crime seriously, and reduces it to simple moral panics
      • TM fails to take victimisation seriously
    • Why people turn to crime (Lea and Young)
      • 1. Relative deprivation
        • Do people see themselves as deprived when comparing themselves to others?
      • 3. Marginalisation
        • Some groups find themselves politically or economically on the edges of society
      • 2. Subculture
        • Working class deviant subcultures develop as group solutions to problems rising due to social inequality
    • Understanding and tackling crime
      • It is nescessary to examine the relationships between 4 main elements
        • Public and informal control -society's reaction to the crime
        • Context - formal social control and social structural factors
        • The role of the victims
        • The meaning of the act on the offender
    • Evaluation
      • It explains the social causes of crime and recognises that tackling crime means tackling inequalities
      • It recognises that most victims of crime are poor and working class
      • Recognises the importance of community soutions to crime and that the police, public and victims are important in generating crime levels
      • It neglects other responses to marginalisation and relative deprivation
      • Relies heavily on victim surveys and tends to over-report some crimes, and under-report others
      • Ignores white collar and corporate crime

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