LEDC Earthquake - Bam,Iran

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  • LEDC Earthquake - Bam,Iran
    • Key Facts
      • 26th December 2003
      • 05:28 local time (01:58 GMT)
      • Magnitude: 6.6 on Richter Scale
    • Location
      • About 1,000km South-East of Tehran
      • On Unesco's list of World Heritage Sites
      • Was an important regional centre in the 16th/17th century
        • Contained many ancient buildings
          • not built to withstand earthquakes
    • Cause
      • Caused by movement of an unknown 'blind fault'
        • Fault is a fracture in the Earth along which blocks of crust on either side have moved relative to one another
      • Bam; the blocks of crust on either side of the blind fault moved sideways relative to one another
      • Fault was right in the middle of the city
        • Combination of the large population so close to the fault that really caused the devastation at Bam
    • Effects
      • 100,000 trapped under rubble
        • approx. 30,000 died
      • About 6,000 children lost one or both parents
      • 60,000 homeless
      • 90% of buildings destroyed
        • built of mud brick - doesn't cope well in earthquakes
      • two of the city's hospitals collapsed
        • crushed staff
        • remaining hospitals were full
      • underground water storage tanks and pipes were destroyed
      • 2,000 year old mud brick citadel was destroyed
    • Response
      • request for international aid
        • rescue, field hospitals, shelters
        • About 1,600 aid workers from 44 countries helped
      • people had to survive in freezing temps. in tents
      • end of 2005
        • 5% of houses had been rebuilt
        • cost a lot and took a long time to plan appropriate buildings
      • reluctant to take loans
        • jobs are scarce


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