Learning to read

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  • Learning to Read
    • Teaching children to read
      • Phonics approach
        • Children sound out words in chunks
        • More useful for phonetically spelt words
        • Bad because it doesn't focus on meaning/ context
      • 'Look and say' approach
        • Whole word approach - recognise words by sight
        • Focuses on meaning - learn familiar words quickly
        • Relies on memory, doesn't teach them skill
      • Psycho- linguistics
        • Books are important!
        • Active approach to reading
        • Encouraged to work out meaning for themselves
        • They become aware of context - look for clues in text / pictures
    • Development stages
      • Up to 5 years old
        • Children play with shapes, bricks etc. to teach them sizes / patterns
        • Verbally create stories (structure)
        • Begin to identify letters / sounds
      • 5 -6 years old
        • Increased number of letter - sound matches they know
        • Left to right, top to bottom
        • Recognise familiar words
      • 6 - 7 years old
        • Read things they're familiar with
        • Reading strategies (phonics)
        • Read words by sight (look and say)
        • Some fluency
      • 7 - 8 years old
        • More fluent, increased vocab
        • Predicting words in a story
        • Better at working out unfamiliar sounds

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